Bachelor Thesis | 2019
Supervised by: Dr. Prof. Carolin Höfler, Prof. Michael Beil

My Bachelor Thesis, comprising three booklets,  starts with a research question: Can performative quality be found in daily unconscious movements? This question may seem to violate the underlying assumption of performance in which all the performing actions should be produced consciously. However, through placing this question in the context of performance art and introducing performance studies as the tool, this thesis aims to reveal the hidden performative quality in one of the daily unconscious movements - movements made while waiting. Using three various means to analyse the collected materials from both Hong Kong and Cologne, unconscious moves have become tangible and usable data which are later processed and become performative actions. For the sake of clarity, three processing approaches are presented in the form of mathematic equations.

Booklet A:
Current Status of Performance art &
Introduction of Performance Studies

It presents relevant historical facts in the development of performance arts to introduce its current status as the context, as well as related discourses in performance studies as the tool.

Dimension: (w)11 cm (h)19 cm
No. of Pages: 57

Booklet B:
On-site Obersvations & Analyses

It explains the definitions of performative quality and daily unconscious movement within the context of this thesis and presents collected video materials which are analysed through several means.

Dimension: (w)13 cm (h)19 cm
No. of Pages: 124
Analysis (A): Movement Scope
Using the timelapse technique to reveal how much did the observees move by the degree of the blurriness in the picture.

Analysis (B): Movement Extraction
Classifying movements into four categories: (a) Weight Shifts, (b) Turning back and forth, (c) Adjusting their appearance and (d) Looking into the direction of the awaited object, to find out how many times did the observees produce these movements within the observed period.

Analysis (C): Movement Trace
Being inspired by an American artist, Morgan O’Hara, movements of the observees are translated by the observer (myself in this case) into drawing lines. Unlike having only a drawing as a result, the drawing processes are screen-recorded as video materials, therefore, the tension and quality of the moves/lines can be preserved.

Booklet C:
Processings of the analysed data

It presents three processing approaches of the collected data from Booklet B. They aim to reveal, through what ways the hidden performative qualities in the unconscious movements can be generated.

Dimension: (w)14.5 cm (h)24 cm
No. of Pages: 55
Processing (A) Decontextualise: Mvt. - Context
By taking movement away from its original context and making them into a flipbook, movement loses its relation to space where it happened and opens for re-interpretation.

Processing (B) Restage: Mvt.2
By inviting participants to restage the statistics collected in Analyse (B), the intentionality of them makes the waiting acts become performative and the presence of the camera intensifies the feeling of being observed.

Processing (C): Mvt. Notation × Dancer
By transforming the results in Analyse (C) into moving notations, dancers are asked to create a set of movements based on their interpretations on the notations. They are not told where the notations are generated from in order not to intervene in their perceptions.

Proposed Event: Kill the Time

Apart from the printed booklets, an imaginative event, Kill the Time, was proposed and presented during the bachelor examination. It aims to present the thesis in a physical format as well as to let visitors experience “observing” that was done in the thesis. Therefore, several marketing materials including posters, flyers and video trailers were made.

Dimension: (w)42 x (h)59.4 cm
A set of five digital prints with silkscreen printing.
Duration: 1’24”

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